Date: June 1, 2022
Trends in Revenue Sources among Rural Hospitals
This study estimates changes in outpatient care as a source of revenue for rural hospitals. It uses 2011-2019 data from the Healthcare Cost Report Information System to analyze trends in the percent of patient revenue coming from outpatient care.
For the average hospital in the sample of 1,866 rural hospitals, the percent of revenue coming from outpatient services increased from 66.5% in 2011 to 74.2% in 2019. Furthermore, total outpatient revenue for the average rural hospital increased by 56.4% from 2011-2019, after inflation adjustment. Conversely, total inpatient revenue for the average rural hospital only increased by 9.3% from 2011-2019, after inflation adjustment.
The findings suggest that many rural hospitals now receive most of their revenue from outpatient sources.
George H. Pink, PhD
North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
Additional Resources of Interest:
- Decline in Inpatient Volume at Rural Hospitals
- Medicare Covers a Lower Percentage of Outpatient Costs in Hospitals Located in Rural Areas
- More information about the North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center
- More information from the Rural Health Information Hub’s topic guides: Rural Hospitals, Rural Health Policy
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